Any surgical procedure that can be performed in a brief period of time–usually less than 1 hour under local anesthesia, does not–under normal circumstances—constitute a major hazard to life or function of organs or body parts.
MS does not generally require hospitalization and may be performed electively, usually by a general–board-certified surgeon in a secondary-care hospital setting. Minor surgery can best be described as outpatient surgery. Some surgeries that are considered minor are called so because they are not given due to a life-threatening problem and that they are so commonplace that it is considered extremely low risk in nature. Think about it; having your tonsils removed used to be considered major surgery and now it is more likely referred to as a right of passage. Minor surgery usually consists of minor incisions being made with little to no scarring or with the use of lasers instead. Minor surgery is rarely feared but it is often required to rid the body of slight and small problems or things that are easy to correct such as bunions, vision, ganglion cysts, and cosmetic things like wrinkles and acne. Minor surgery rarely requires any extended hospital stays that last beyond a few hours or so, but they can if the patient undergoes shock, interior or obsessive bleeding or major infections due to the procedures. It is common for local anesthesia’s to be used during minor surgeries rather than putting the patient to sleep as that requires far more money and it is often not necessary. For example, local anesthesia is used for bunion surgery as the incision is fairly small and the surgery is completed in about an hour.